miércoles, 25 de febrero de 2015

Art at the beginning of the XX century in Spain

Choose a Modernist or Rationalist architecture; a sculpture by Gargallo or Julio González; or a painting by Picasso, Dalí or Miró and explain:
-Name of the masterpiece.
-Brief description.

24 comentarios:

  1. Author: Antonio Gaudí
    Name of the masterpiece: Park Güell
    Date: 1914
    Description: It was built in Barcelona. Park Güell is the reflexion of Gaudí’s artistic plenitude, which belongs to his naturalist phase. During this period, the architect perfected his personal style through inspiration from organic shapes found in nature. He put into practice a series of new structural solutions rooted in the deep analysis of geometry and its shapes. To that, the Catalan artist adds creative liberty and an imaginative, ornamental creation. Starting from a sort of baroquism, his works acquire a structural richness of forms and volumes, free of the rational rigidity or any sort of classic premisses. In the design of Park Güell, Gaudí unleashed all his architectonic genius and put to practice much of his innovative structural solutions that would become the symbol of his organic style and that would culminate in the creation of the Sagrada Familia.


  2. -Author: Antonio Gaudí

    -Name of the masterpiece: Casa Milá (Modernism)

    -Date: Between 1906 and 1910 in Barcelona

    -Brief description;
    Gaudí created a less colorful but nonetheless even more unconventional building than the Casa Batlló. It breaks with traditional architecture by using not a single straight line. The building does not use load-bearing walls, but rest on pillars and arches. Together with the use of steel this allowed the architect to create completely irregular floor plans. Even the height of the pillars and ceilings differ from one to another. In order to allow light in all the rooms, the apartments are arranged around two central courtyards, one circular and the other oval shaped.
    On the outside, the undulating balconies look like a series of waves.

    PICTURE-----> http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8327/8116146081_43c102e1aa.jpg

  3. Author: Pablo Picasso
    Name of masterpiece: The Acrobat
    Date: 1930
    Description: This painting shows off the spontaneous agility of the acrobat's body. Picasso depicted the human figure with the cube of the frame despite the apparent freedom of movement. The figure is also maintained by the colors, which controls the motion of the body. It seems the body shaope is locked within a white form and then pinioned against the implied stasis of the black background. This painting is a good proof of the paradox of movement and rigidity.
    This figure seems like a male but we cannot be sure since in that period there are so many works are disfigurations of the female form.


  4. Author: Salvador Dalí.
    Name of masterpiece: The Dream.
    Date: 1931
    Brief Description: In the foreground of this dark painting is the bust of a woman, painted in dull, metallic grays, her hair floating above her as if frozen in movement. The colors used and her apparent immobility bring to mind the Classical myth of Medusa. The woman has no mouth and her eyes also appear sealed shut, like those of the giant head in Sleep. The absence of a mouth, together with the seeming immobility of the woman implies a loss of control, of paralysis. Ants crawl across the face in the place where a mouth should be. As a child, Dali had found a pet bat crawling with ants and so, for him, they became symbols of death and decay.


    Ana Celia Ruiz García 4ºB

  5. -Author: Julio González
    -Name of masterpiece: La petite faucille
    -Date: 1937
    -Brief description: made of bronze, this sculpture can be dated around 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. This was made in a period where sculptures that use steel blade curving back on itself, like the classic artists´ effects that Greeks did. The realization is not on the same sheet to bend, welded several to achieve a unitary, fragile and broken surface. Consistency offering volume contrasts with the fragility of surfaces whose texture is due both to manufacture as the soldier, a rather physical frailty.


  6. Javier Hernandez Garcia26 de febrero de 2015, 17:42

    Author: Pablo Picasso
    Name of the masterpiece: El Guernica
    Date: 1937
    Brief description: After the First World War, Picasso started to paint peaceful paintings with pigeons, windows, the sea,etc. But when the Civil War started in Spain, Picasso realised again the pain of human suffering in his paintings, and the fear and the disorder that provoked the war.


  7. -Author: Salvador Dalí
    -Name of the masterpiece: Girl at the Window.
    -Date: 1925
    -Brief description: The work we see is the height of tranquility. This serene and peaceful feeling one gets when one studies the work is a result of Dali use of the predominant colours of light blues and lavenders. There is a stress-free intimacy about the painting, which would soon disappear from his works. We cannot see the face of the girl. She has her back to us as she leans against the sill of the open window. She gazes out at the bay at Cadaques, the seaside resort much loved by Dali. This viewpoint, while lending the picture an air of intrigue, ensures that the viewer’s eye is drawn, like the girl’s, to the landscape ahead.

    Picture: http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/dali_retrospective/dali_pma_05_01.htm

  8. Author: Pablo Picasso
    Name of the masterpiece: Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
    Date: 1907
    Brief description:Les Demoiselles d’Avignon marks a radical break from traditional composition and perspective in painting. It depicts five naked women with figures composed of flat, splintered planes and faces.This large work, which took nine months to complete, exposes the true genius and novelty of Picasso's passion.

    by:Marina Carceles Molina

  9. https://www.google.es/search?q=les+demoiselles+de+avignon&client=ubuntu&hs=9v2&channel=fs&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=FOjyVJTbGMH2UJn5gcAN&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=939&bih=391
    La foto que se me ha olvidado ponerla
    by: Marina Carceles Molina

  10. -Author: Joan Miró

    -Name of the masterpiece: Still Life with Old Shoe

    -Date: 1937

    -Brief description: On the left there is an apple impaled by a fork, then a bottle, a loaf of bread and the shoe of the title. The main colours are black, red and acidic yellow, which symbolize an apocalytic landscape, all in flames. The silhouettes of all objects can be clearly defined and the round-shaped lines of the whole composition creat dynamism.


    Carmen Mª De Blas Garcia 4ºB

  11. .- Autor: Joan Miró.
    .- Name of the masterpiece: "La masía".
    .- Date: 1921-1922.
    .- Brief description: The picture is a kind of inventory of the "maísa" (a type of rural house) owned by his family since 1910 in the village of Montroig. Miró himself considered this work as a key piece in his career, describing as "a summary of my life in the countryside".
    Although the painter was born in Barcelona, his private life and pictorial is related to the rural world.
    This link with the land and the rural life can be seen in the paintings made between 1918 and 1924 such as "Huerto con asno" (1918) or " Montroig, la iglesia del pueblo" (1919)

    .- Picture: https://www.google.es/search?q=la+masia+joan+miro&espv=2&biw=1680&bih=949&site=webhp&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=4kbzVKHHKov2UovDgNgP&sqi=2&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ

    By: Juan Enrique Sánchez Viciana

  12. Author: Salvador Dalí
    Name of the masterpiece: Cisnes que se reflejan como elefantes
    Date: 1937
    Brief description: This painting is the one that made a diference at least for me among the rest of Dalí´s paintings, we can see a little lake at the middle of what I believe to be a desert ,dark colours together with shiny whites and yellows , at the center we can see three swams which swim elegantly throught the lake´s stream , but the most important element of this painting is not the use of this marvellous creatures, but their reflection, when we look at the water can no longer see the swams , this time, we can see three elephants, which even have long thin legs( which are the branches of an old rotten three) the way Dalí used the double perspective in this painting trully called my attention.


    Irene Expósito Mora

  13. Author: Joaquin Sorolla.
    Painting: El Verano.
    Description: It is a beautiful bright painting whose style is impressionism. It represents the summer.
    On the left you can see a group of children and on the right you can see a young child with is father. They seems to play at the beach, they wear some thin cloth. In the background you can see some people swimming in the sea.
    These are the characteristics of the painting: the lines are delicate, the colours are very warm, the saphe is very oganic and the movement is flowing.


  14. http://estaticos01.expansion.com/imagenes/2013/03/27/entorno/1364380972_0.jpg

    Author: Pablo Picasso
    Painting: El sueño
    Description: It is a cubist painting that shows a woman sleeping placidly in a red sofa. The woman have also got the face divided into two parts by a black line and the hands over her waist too.

  15. -Author : Pablo Picasso.
    -Name of the masterpiece : The Old Guitarist.
    -Brief description:
    Elements in The Old Guitarist were carefully chosen to generate a reaction from the spectator. For example, the monochromatic color scheme creates flat, two-dimensional forms that dissociate the guitarist from time and place. In addition, the overall muted blue palette creates a general tone of melancholy and accentuates the tragic and sorrowful theme. The sole use of oil on panel causes a darker and more theatrical mood. Oil tends to blend the colors together without diminishing brightness, creating an even more cohesive dramatic composition.
    Furthermore, the guitarist shows no sign of life and appears to be close to death, implying little comfort in the world and accentuating the misery of his situation.


  16. Author:Pablo Picasso

    Name of masterpiece: Guernica

    Date: 14 of Abril of 1931

    Brief description: The Guernica is an oil on linen, with a few dimensions of 3,50 x 7,80 m . In spite of his title, and of the circumstances in which it was realized, there is in him no concrete reference to the bombardment of Guernica not to the Civil war Spanish woman is not, therefore, a narrative picture, but simbólico.Is painted by it using only the white and black, and a varied range of gray.

    Christian Gómiz Soriano

  17. Author: Joan Miró
    Name of masterpiece: The Harlequin's Carnival
    Date: 1924
    Description: Is an oil painting by Miró and also one of his most outstanding surrealist paintings. Harlequin was a common theater character who was usually the victim of unrequited love and frequently played the guitar. In this painting he is a guitar, with the diamond-patterned shirt associated with the character, along with other traditional features like the mustache, beard, admiral's hat, and pipe.

  18. Author: Eugene Delacroix
    Name: Liberty Leading the People
    Date: 1830
    Description: A woman personifying the concept and the goddess of Liberty leads the people forward over the bodies of the fallen, holding the flag of the French Revolution – the tricolour flag, which remains France's flag – in one hand and brandishing a bayonetted musket with the other. The figure of Liberty is also viewed as a symbol of France and the French Republic known as Marianne.

    1. Isidro, the activity was about art in Spain and you did it about a french artist.

  19. Author: Pablo Picasso
    Name:woman before a mirror.
    Date:March 1932
    Description:The work is considered in terms of the erotic in Picasso's art, and critics in different periods have offered their assessments of the work to show a wide range of reactions.

    The young girl was named Marie Therese Walter and was painted multiple times during the 1930's by Picasso.
    When you look closely at the image, you can interpret many different symbols within different parts of the painting. The woman's face for one; is painted with a side profile and a full frontal image. One side shows the day time where she seems more like a woman, dolled up with her make up done. The other side with the rough charcoal texture portrays her at night. When she takes off the mask of makeup, and is more vulnerable as a young lady. One way of interpreting the painting is when the woman looks at herself in the mirror; she is seeing herself as an old woman. From the green discoloration on her forehead, darkening of her facial features to the lines that show that her young body has been distorted.

  20. Rafael Montoya Rodriguez 4ºB3 de marzo de 2015, 21:28

    Author: Salvador Dali
    Name: Sueño causado por el vuelo de una abeja alrededor de una granada un segundo antes
    Date: 1944
    Description: Gala, wife and muse of Salvador Dalí, asleep on a rock in a seascape which is calm . Under his naked body also float two drops of water and a Granada around a bee flitting. The buzzing bee causes a dream that materializes at the top by the explosion of another Granada from which emerges a fish in its mouth, in turn, raises two angry tigers and a bayonet.

  21. Sofía Vilar Ramos4 de marzo de 2015, 9:56

    -Author: Salvador Dali
    -Name: The Swallow's Tail
    -Date: may,1983
    -Description : Thom suggested that in four-dimensional phenomena, there are seven possible equilibrium surfaces, and therefore seven possible discontinuities, or "elementary catastrophes".The shape is taken directly from Thom’s four-dimensional graph of the same title, combined with a second catastrophe graph, the s-curve that Thom dubbed, 'the cusp'. Thom’s model is presented alongside the elegant curves of a cello and the instrument’s f-holes, which, especially as they lack the small pointed side-cuts of a traditional f-hole, equally connote the mathematical symbol for an integral in calculus.
    Sofía Vilar Ramos 4ºB

  22. -Author: Julio González
    -Name: Still Life II
    -Date: 1929
    The sculptor Juli González learnt his trade in the metalworking studio his father owned on Rambla de Catalunya, in Barcelona. He moved to Paris at the beginning of the twentieth century and devoted himself to painting and metalwork. It was not until the end of the 1920s that he opted definitively for sculpture and became a leading figure in the European avant-gardes. Spurred on by his friends Picasso and Gargallo, but above all thanks to hard work, he created a sculptural language of his own, the fruit of his formal experiments using iron. Still Life II illustrates his masterly ability to combine matter and void and to extract unsuspected expressive possibilities from a simple sheet of iron.


  23. Author: Pablo Picasso
    Name: The Old Guitarrist
    Date: late 1903–early 1904
    Description: The Old Guitarist is an oil painting. It depicts an old, blind, haggard man with threadbare clothing weakly hunched over his guitar, playing on the streets of Barcelona.